As an example, zolpidem trade names Ambien, Intermezzo is prescribed for insomnia and had been prescribed at equal doses for both men and women until women began reporting adverse reactions Inagaki et al. For this reason, the U. Food and Drug Administration now recommends that women be prescribed a lower dose than men. Feb J Neurosci Res. Discover more publications, questions and projects in Sublingual Administration.
Pregabalin Improves Fibromyalgia-related Sleep Disturbance. The aim of this study was to compare the zolpidem pharmacokinetic profiles of 3. Pharmacokinetic parameters of sedative-hypnotic medications can be influenced by age and gender. This was a randomized, Gender influences on efficacy and safety of sublingual zolpidem tartrate for middle-Of-The-Night awa Evaluate potential gender effects on efficacy and safety of a buffered zolpidem sublingual tablet ZST formulation.
Post hoc analysis of the pivotal sleep laboratory and outpatient studies, per gender. In the sleep laboratory study, polysomnography-derived latency to persistent sleep after middle-of-the-night was significantly improved for both genders at both 1. Ingesting food can impact the pharmacokinetics of sedative-hypnotic drugs. A buffered zolpidem sublingual tablet ZST recently became available for the treatment of middle-of-the-night awakening. In this randomized, open-label, single-site study, the pharmacokinetic profile of ZST was evaluated when administered while fasting and following a standard high-fat meal fed state.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable. It is a strong sedative with only minor anxiolytic, myorelaxant and anticonvulsant properties, and has been shown to be effective in inducing and maintaining sleep in adults. The available evidence suggests that zolpidem produces no rebound or withdrawal effects, and patients have experienced good daytime alertness.
Zolpidem 10mg in non-elderly and a reduced dose of 5mg in elderly individuals are clinically effective. In humans, the major metabolic routes include oxidation and hydroxylation; none of the metabolites appears to be pharmacologically active. The pharmacological activity of zolpidem results from selective binding to the central benzodiazepine receptors of the omega 1 subtype. After single 20mg oral doses, typical values of pharmacokinetic variables for zolpidem in humans are: Zolpidem pharmacokinetics are unchanged during multiple-dose treatment.
Zolpidem pharmacokinetics are not significantly influenced by gender. Clearance of zolpidem in children is 3 times higher than in young adults, and is lower in very elderly people. There are no significant differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters between various racial groups. Dosage reduction appears to be prudent in patients with renal disease, and caution should be exercised when prescribing zolpidem to elderly patients with hepatic impairment.